In recent times, Korean pop culture has gained much popularity all over the world, especially in Asia. Everywhere else friends and families will smile, speak and discuss issues while munching their favorite food. An important part of any culture is its culinary delicacies. You need someone to socially introduce you before you can start doing business with someone. Last year there were a record 14 multinational inscriptions. East Asian arts - East Asian arts - Common traditions: As previously noted, China, Korea, and Japan have been historically close for centuries, thus accounting for their numerous common artistic traditions. Korean Name Traditions The same Korean given name is usually not passed down from generation to generation (i.e. Korean pop music bands started embedding American musical culture and styles in their own creations. Korean traditions including wedding culture, food traditions, traditional folk wrestling (Ssireum), holiday traditions, Jangseung culture, social customs and etiquette. Blind dates are very common, either arranged by mutual friends or parents. Some traditions have been refined, thanks to progressive minded individuals who have filtered believes of their ancestors and re-established old virtues in a new light. Many couples in Korea celebrate anniversaries more often than once a year. If you are to make the cardinal mistake of walking into someone’s home with your shoes on you will be frowned upon and will be considered extremely rude. Some of the South Korean traditional arts are ceramics, music, crafts, dance, and paintings. The land of mythical mountains, magnificent palaces and mouth-watering delicacies can really surprise you if you are unprepared. As an example, the European Intellectual movement of the 17th and the 18th centuries (also known as enlightenment) which brought about a shift in the thinking of educated men, from traditional and established practices to more reason based conclusions, can be cited here. It is unthinkable for a grown up boy or girl to stay back with his / her parents. Basically, traditional Korean clothing is known as hanbok. After the death of their parents they are expected to perform the necessary rituals. Gulp! That will make you 54 on the 15th of September this year as per the western calendar. Common names of traditional dishes originate from the number of side dishes (반찬; 飯饌; banchan) next to steamed rice. However, culture and traditional values of the region still bind these two countries with each other. Seolnal is the Korean new year and celebrated on the first day of the Korean calendar. Similarly, it is unimaginable that older parents would prefer to stay with their children after they have grown up. They are expected to have children of their own to ensure that the family bloodline continues long after their parents are gone. 지우 (Ji-yoo) and 지훈 (Ji-hoon), 유진 (Yu-jin) and 유림 (Yu-rim) If you believe in straight talking and is clear and precise in your communication, you will love this notion of communication. It can be a very delicate thing to understand for someone coming from a different culture, not knowing when you have transgressed your line. Korean traditional festivals are largely based on its. Usually what happens is that the entire family will sit together with everybody helping to set the table. Just in case you are travelling to Korea for a business meet and your idea of closing deals is over lunch or breakfast, don’t even think about it! If you really want to dig into Korean culture you need to learn the language. It established a tradition to maintain a code of conduct in social life which can still be seen in modern Korea. Hot dishes are made on this day. There had been bitter battles fought between its mainland and Sea of Japan rivals over hundreds of years. It is a bond that connects one generation with the next and transcends beyond families to create the moral and social fabric of a nation. Two years ago, Unesco brought North and South Korea together to inscribe traditional Korean wrestling (Ssirum/Ssireum) on the list. This resulted in North Korea and South Korea. Their duty comes from the fact that they owe their life and their upbringing to their parents. This is one of the celebrated Korean festivals rejoiced by the entire country. Learn Korean! Get to know South Korea’s deep-seated beliefs and traditions. And most Korean dishes often include common ingredients, such as sesame oil, ginger, soy sauce, pepper flakes, and napa cabbage. The down-on-one-knee proposal actually isn’t standard in Korea. At the End of World War II in 1948, Korea was divided at the 38th parallel. Although some of the older traditions have relaxed in recent years, this list of Korean table manners includes etiquette still in use today. when Koreans speak they are usually straight talkers and will not hesitate to ask you to explain when they don’t understand something. Hangul is the name of the Korean alphabet. Get a subscription to a library of online courses and digital learning tools for your organization with Udemy for Business. Confucianism was brought over by the Chinese. First things first. You can often see these displayed if you’re visiting the cultural and tourist areas of South Korea such as 인사동 (Insadong) or 명동 (Myeongdong). the ancient art of marble cutting and setting of semi-precious stones on them has survived for more than 500 years in India. Confucianism, Buddhism and Christianity are the main formal religions 3. From pre-Christian times until the 8th and 9th century ce, the great trade routes crossed from the Middle East through Central Asia into China. Visit to ancestral grave for offering rite, and cleaning and maintenance. Washing hair with Changpo, Ssireum(Korean wrestling match), swing, giving fans as gifts 5th day of fifth month Variety of Tteok, Herb rice cakes Yudu: Water greeting Bathing and washing hair to get rid of bad luck (if any) 15th day of sixth month Noodles Sambok Hottest day of the summer Hot dishes are made on this day. What does the dragon mean in Korean culture? Koreans have two birthdays: their Korean birthday, which is celebrated on Seollal, the Lunar New Year, and their actual birthday, which is observed on their day of birth.Because Korean society places a great emphasis on collectivity, the former is the more important of the two. By the Korean cultural traditions can be attributedprinciples of building a house or planning area on the site. In modern Korean weddings, a wooden goose may be given in … While some traditional believes have been defied and challenged by intellectuals, such as those belonging to the age of reasoning, trying to establish their own, others have been maintained with earnest for thousands of years. Korea has been influenced by both Japanese and Chinese cultures. from father to son, mother to daughter) It’s popular for Korean parents to name their kids with the same first syllable if the genders are the same, i.e. *All traditional festival dates are in accordance to the lunar calendar. Here are some important facts to Know About South Korean Culture: Take off your shoes when you arrive Birth and death are mere incidents. Traditionally, Korean culture requires of their men to eat first before the females. While growing up, children are inculcated the belief that for them their parents are the most important people in the whole world. Globalization has made certain changes to the family pattern… They never smile! North Korea became communist, while South Korea did not. It brings readers along a journey from the past to the present, moving beyond the confines of the Korean peninsula. The New Year starts with a ritual too and everybody bows down to their ancestors and the oldest living persons in the family in a traditional way known as ‘Seh Bae’. The threat of losing their existence have, thus, to some extent, forced societies to treasure their age-old traditions and practice them with vigor. Buildings are placed, wherever possible, the front facade to the south, to have more solar energy. Both China and Japan had exerted their influence over the Korean culture. Let’s say you are born on the 15th of September 1960. For a traditional Korean wedding, the bride and groom will wear specific colors. The art treasures of Korea through the dynasties. Type B people are optimistic and passionate, irresistible and self-centered. Click here to visit Korean Class 101 to get started learning online. One of them is ‎사물놀이 “samulnori”, a type of traditional Korean percussion music.The name itself literally means ‘the play of four objects’! Not even while they eat. Although it may sound like some far-fetched theory developed by a Na’vi, it is to some extent a very common notion among a number of Asian communities. Additionally, doing business and achieving sales success in Korea usually means getting to know a person socially. Kimchi is often served with meals. Although the spelling, alphabet and vocabulary differ slightly between the two countries, Korean is the official language of both South Korea and North Korea. Most Asian communities have a completely different notion of family values and traditions. Koreans hold special rituals three or four times a year where their ancestors are worshipped. This is unlike anything around the world. Don’t be fooled by what you see in all the K-dramas! Walking through the streets of Korea you will notice something uncanny about the Korean people. A yin color (blue) is meant to bring healing and relaxation, and … South Korea supports religious freedom 2. These traditions often make up the foundations of societies, helping them to stay as a cohesive unit and maintain their identity in a fast ever changing world. However, since the breakup of the country into North and South, over the last seven decades the traditions have evolved and have taken their separate paths. Koreans believe that no living being is alone in this world and there is no defining line of coming to an existence or destruction, which is the normal way of thinking. When we speak of Korean traditions we have to take into account the unified Korean peninsula. The Japanese occupied Korea for the first half of the 20th century and was only liberated after the allies fought and won the war for the Korean peninsula. Confucianism revolves around the importance of respect to elders and the importance of one’s family to one’s life. Korean culture has faced many changes, and in the modern times, like every other culture, Korean culture too, has been modified. A typical Korean family is no different and here children live with their parents long after they are grown up and capable of fending for themselves. A 2005 government survey indicated that about a quarter of South Koreans identified as Buddhist. The bride will typically wear red, and the groom will wear blue to symbolize the Confucian idea of yin and yang. Instead, the topic of marriage is one which both partners decide and plan jointly. 1. The worst thing is Koreans don’t even speak while they are eating! While this seems like the most equitable setup all around, it doesn’t lend itself naturally to those suspenseful fairytale proposals that you see in TV shows and movies. Pre-Wedding Korean Traditions. Korean culture provides couples with a plethora of traditional performances to be performed at their wedding. At times meat will be served that’s usually marinated and is usually called Korean BBQ. They fought a bitter war, with each half claiming control over the entire peninsula and now shares one of the most dangerous borders in the whole world. I think a more well-rounded list would mean venturing outside of Seoul and trying the less common dishes, but regardless, the food on the list is all super tasty! Though what happened afterwards was not something that the Koreans expected. Type A people are considerate of others, narrow minded, passive, and inclined to be perfectionists. Traditions have, thus, always maintained a love and hate relationship with society. This year, there were a … Every living being carries with him / her a part of his / her ancestors, meaning his ancestors continue to live through them the future descendants for as long as the blood line continues. When we speak of Korean traditions we have to take into account the unified Korean peninsula. Speaking of not talking, when Koreans speak they are usually straight talkers and will not hesitate to ask you to explain when they don’t understand something. What makes the difference between them is the parts of the hanbok. As a mandatory requirement of globalization, every business leader is required to understand the culture and traditions of the people they are dealing with. Korean youths are often hesitant to approach each other individually, so they usually date in groups. Korean arts and crafts including fine arts and decorative visual arts over the centuries: folk painting, calligraphy, mulberry paper (Hanji), clay dolls (Sila Tou). Politeness is very important in Korean culture, and there is a lot of emphasis placed on sharing meals and drinks. While South Korea is certainly one of the most modern countries in the region, it goes without saying that it is also one of the most traditional societies.While the economy is definitely modern and the technology ground-breaking, the familial unit remains integrally tied to traditions – and here are some of them. The eldest of the family will take the first bite before everyone else does. Families in the western societies believe in autonomy of every living soul. Learn Korean for Beginners: The Ultimate 100-Lesson Course. But even before you can dig into traditional delicacies such as ‘Pap’ or ‘Kimchi’ or ‘Taenjang kuk’ you need to know a few things about Korean table manners, lest you appear rude to your hosts. The easiest way is to watch and learn and stay within a degree of modesty when interacting with Koreans. Some of the younger generation are starting to pick up the custom, staging a romanti… However, since the breakup of the country into North and South, over the last seven decades the traditions have evolved and have taken their separate paths. Cold baths are believed to make people weak. These 40 dishes are essential to the Korean heart, soul and digestive tract, including kimchi, bibimbap, sundae (a type of sausage) and mudfish soup. Other popular Korean dishes are bibimbap (rice mixed with vegetables, egg, a spicy sauce, and sometimes meat), jjajangmyŏn (noodles in a black-bean sauce), pulgogi (or bulgogi; marinated meat grilled over charcoal), and samgyet’ang (a soup of stewed whole chicken stuffed with rice and ginseng), which is eaten as a restorative, particularly during hot weather. Religious and Philosophical Traditions of Korea addresses a wide range of traditions, serving as a guide to those interested in Buddhism, Confucianism, Shamanism, Christianity and many others. There are various other details and twists to this but in the modern Korean society this is not strictly followed. Some traditions, on the other hand, have been kept alive in the truest of forms for thousands of years. Every person tries not to hurt the Kibun of the other person he / she is interacting with as it is vital for maintaining a peaceful social state. However, the Korean way of calculating age is by years. Kibun is a concept of Korean culture and social life and can be compared to respect and dignity elsewhere. Confucianism is a political and social philosophy that pervades Korean culture Every country, every society and every family has its own traditions and customs. Speak, Read, and Write Korean Today! E.g. Food and drink are prepared and set out to honor the spirits of the departed older generations. However, what is followed is that the eldest of the family is the first to eat. Of course there is an element of respect that exist between parents and their grown up children but parents don’t feel like burdening their children to take care of them nor do they have any other expectations, financial or otherwise from their children. They can never hope to return the debt that they owe to their parents. An average Korean is expected to not only respect his parents and give them a proper funeral after their death, but also take care of them when they are incapable of taking care of themselves. Traditionally, Koreans sit … Respect the culture and believes and they will love you for that. Until 1948, Korea was a single country on the world map but political unrest resulted in a division of the region into two countries with different political ideologies. Many Koreans believe in the ancestral spirit and observe Confucian rituals 4. However, having said that, Korean traditions both north and south of the border, have many similarities. People start their celebration by performing ancestral rites and paying tributes to them. Korean Traditions Include the Parents for the Wedding Experience Parents are an extremely important part of traditional Korean weddings. ), and a public proclamation of marriage by an authority figure. Believe it or not, the Korean traditional way of calculating the age of individuals is not by his / her birthdays but on the basis of years. Korean culture is deeply influenced by the Buddhism as Buddhism has become inherent aspect of the Korea culture, including the secular Korean traditions followed by the non-Buddhist Koreans. (This was based on the deal at the end of the War, dividing the country in two just as Germany had been). Before the list lets take a quick look at some general ideas about Korean history and language. But their duty does not end here. The groom was expected to bow twice before presenting the kireogi to his future mother in law. The Korean language is spoken in both the countries and a similar family system is followed in both countries. Linguists believe the Korean language is a member of the Altaic family of languages, which originated in northern Asia. Korea got divided into two nations. Korea is a divided country. Traditions have always been perceived as knowledge, believes and customs that have been handed down from one generation to the next from time immemorial. Despite its world-class advancement in technology and manufacturing, South Korea – a country that was once rooted in shamanism – is awash with superstition.From selecting a spouse and naming a baby, to starting a new business and moving to a new home, Koreans go through convoluted rituals to invoke fortune-tellers, shamans, and diviners. Wedding rituals and traditions vary greatly between cultures, religions, countries, and social classes. As a mandatory requirement of globalization, every business leader is required to understand the culture and traditions of the people they are dealing with. Korean folk painting, calligraphy, Korean mulberry paper and clay dolls are just a few exquisite examples of traditional Korean arts. Korean Traditions. Cold food only: Ssuktteok(Mugwort cake), Ssukdanja(Mugwort dumplings), Ssuktang(Mugwort soup), Lantern festival, hanging lanterns up and visiting the temple, Washing hair with Changpo, Ssireum(Korean wrestling match), swing, giving fans as gifts, Bathing and washing hair to get rid of bad luck (if any). These include celebrating their … Meeting day of Gyeonwoo and Jiknyeo in Korean folk tale, Miljeonbyeon(Wheat pancake), Milguksu(Wheat noodles), Time with hundred of fruits' and vegetables' seeds, Food made of potato, flour, and wheat along with a variety of wild vegetables, Danpung-nori(Viewing the changing color of maples during autumn), Gukhwajeon(Chrysanthemum pancake), Eoran(Roe), Yujacheong(Honey citron tea), Performing a ritual to the house gods, Coiling a golden rope around the House, Spreading a layer of red clay on the floor, This page was last edited on 27 December 2020, at 07:48. Festivals in Summary: Events, Date, significance and Food, Learn how and when to remove this template message, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_Korean_traditional_festivals&oldid=996551402, Articles needing additional references from April 2013, All articles needing additional references, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Geuybulnori(Rice field burning), Daljip Taeugi(Bonfire), Aengmagi Taeugi(Talisman burning). I. Korean Food Korean food consists of many small dishes usually a variety of vegetables and plenty of rice. Koreans revere their floors. Create an online video course, reach students across the globe, and earn money. North Korea is also known as the Democratic People's Republic of Korea, and South Korea is also known as the Republic … The term is used generally to describe the outfit for both men and women, so don’t get confused! 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